Graphics to accompany the Caldwell
presentation "On the classification of Western styles of neumation"
Notice: These graphics are presented here by the NEUMES Project solely for non-commercial, educational, and cultural reference purposes.
Any applicable copyrights to these graphics are held by the respective copyright owners. The NEUMES Project does not confer permission to anyone to copy or reproduce these graphics for any purpose.


Notice: These graphics were made from second-generation photocopies, and the quality is quite poor.

  1. Nomina neumarum: "Tabula brevis"
    (a) Source: Colmar, Bibl. Municipale 445, f 132v. Date range: 12th century.
    (b) Source: Wein, ÖNB 1595 (Theol. 426), f 86v. Date range: 12th century.
    Filesize: 375 kB. Image: 600px (width) x 768px (height). Format: PNG.

  2. Nomina neumarum: "Tabula prolixior" (page 1)
    Source: Wolfenbüttel Gud. Lat. 334, f 89r. Date range: 12th century.
    Filesize: 890 kB. Image: 600px (width) x 928px (height). Format: PNG.

    Nomina neumarum: "Tabula prolixior" (page 2)
    Source: Wolfenbüttel Gud. Lat. 334, f 89v. Date range: 12th century.
    Filesize: 755 kB. Image: 600px (width) x 1,002px (height). Format: PNG.

  3. Example of Paleo-Frankish notation
    Source: Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Lat. 2291, f 16r. Date range: 9th century.
    Filesize: 562 kB. Image: 600px (width) x 780px (height). Format: PNG.

  4. Example of standard Frankish notation*
    Source: Montpellier, Faculté de Médecine, H159, p. 228
    [see, facsimile edition: Solesmes, Paléographie Musicale, series I, vol. 8, pl. 147].
    Date range: second quarter of the 11th century.
    Filesize: 677 kB. Image: 1,250px (width) x 1,710px (height). Format: PNG.

  5. Example of 'Frankish organ pitch notation'*
    Source: Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, MS 473, f 57r.
    Pitch letter 'F' is highlighted. Date range: second quarter of the 11th century
    Filesize: 298 kB. Image: 1,218px (width) x 1,988px (height). Format: GIF.

  6. Example of 'Guidonian' pitch letters *
    Source: Oxford, Magdalen College, MS 226, f 166v
    [see, facsimile edition: W. H. Frere, Bibliotheca Musico-Liturgica, pl 13].
    Pontifical for a bishop. Date range: probably 12th century.
    Filesize: 566 kB. Image: 1,273px (width) x 800px (height). Format: PNG.

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This page was last updated on 14 March 2008.